„The links between biodiversity, climate change and human health are now well established. That is why, next month, in collaboration with the United Nations and the World Bank, we will hold a one-planet summit on biodiversity, in which we will develop a programme of concrete actions. As part of its commitment to implement a coherent international policy, France has developed effective tools to integrate its climate ambitions into its development strategy. France was one of the countries that voluntarily agreed to present their SDG implementation strategy in 2016, less than a year after the adoption of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda; it reaffirmed its vision of a climate policy integrated into the national sustainable development strategy. Angola was the last country to ratify the climate agreement on 12 August 2020. Kyrgyzstan ratified on 18 February and Lebanon on 5 February. In 1992, President George H.W. Bush joined 107 other heads of state at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil to adopt a series of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human intervention in the planet`s climate systems in the long term.
The pact does not set limits on greenhouse gas emissions from individual countries and does not contain enforcement mechanisms, but establishes a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emissions targets. Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to combat climate change. After ratification, the agreement requires governments to submit their emission reduction plans. Ultimately, they must play their part in keeping global temperatures well below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial period and making „efforts“ to keep them at 1.5 degrees Celsius. The NDC partnership was launched at COP22 in Marrakech to improve cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve major climate and sustainable development goals. The NDC partnership is led by a steering committee made up of industrialized and developing countries and international institutions and is supported by a support unit organized by the World Resources Institute and based in Washington, D.C. and Bonn, Germany. The NDC partnership is co-chaired by the governments of Costa Rica and the Netherlands and has 93 Member States, 21 institutional partners and 10 associate members.
The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.  After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force.  The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016.  The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental treaty adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that nations have agreed on mandatory country emission reduction targets.